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The most common symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are recent onset of:
  • New continuous cough and/or
  • High temperature
For most people, coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a mild illness If you have coronavirus symptoms:
  • Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital
  • You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you're staying at home
  • Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you're staying at home
  • Plan ahead and ask others for help to ensure that you can successfully stay at home and consider what can be done for vulnerable people in the household
  • Ask your employer, friends and family to help you to get the things you need to stay at home
  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, each time using soap and water, or use hand sanitiser
  • If you feel you cannot cope with your symptoms at home, or your condition gets worse, or your symptoms do not get better after 7 days, then use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service. If you do not have internet access, call NHS 111. For a medical emergency dial 999
  • Visit NHS 111 Online for more information

Stay at Home
  • If you live alone and you have symptoms of coronavirus illness (COVID-19), however mild, stay at home for 7 days from when your symptoms started. (See ending isolation section below for more information)
  • If you live with others and you or one of them have symptoms of coronavirus, then all household members must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days. The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill
  • It is likely that people living within a household will infect each other or be infected already. Staying at home for 14 days will greatly reduce the overall amount of infection the household could pass on to others in the community
  • For anyone in the household who starts displaying symptoms, they need to stay at home for 7 days from when the symptoms appeared, regardless of what day they are on in the original 14 day isolation period. (See ending isolation section below for more information
  • If you can, move any vulnerable individuals (such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions) out of your home, to stay with friends or family for the duration of the home isolation period
  • If you cannot move vulnerable people out of your home, stay away from them as much as possible
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Japanese Encephalitis
S and S Chemist


Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection of the brain spread by the bite of an infected Culex mosquito; commonly found in Asia. Encephalitis itself is the actual swelling of the brain when infected, which can be fatal if not treated immediately.


Most people will experience no symptoms and those that do will notice flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache and fatigue. Children and elderly people are more likely to present symptoms of flu as well as stomach pains and convulsions. Symptoms are likely to onset after an incubation period of 5-15 days. Although JE rarely leads to infection of the brain; if it has become severe then the person will show signs of confusion, inability to speak and paralysis. If severe infection is suspected then please contact the nearest health professional immediately for further help.


Currently there is no cure for Japanese encephalitis other than supporting the body to fight off infection in hospital in the form of medication, oxygen and fluids. If JE is suspected the patient must be admitted to hospital immediately for further help.


The risk for most travellers to contract JE is low, those most likely to become infected are those travelling to rural areas of Asia based near farms and marshlands, because this is where the mosquito is mainly situated.


The best way to prevent infection is by preventing mosquito bites:

  • Avoid farmland and marshland during dusk and dawn as this is when the mosquitoes mainly feed.
  • Wear long sleeve tops and full length trousers to prevent exposure to bites.
  • Using a mosquito repellant with a high DEET factor should be used throughout, a suitable one can be recommended by our pharmacists. Repellants may need to be reapplied where there is heavy perspiration, wiping or washing.
  • Mosquito nets placed over beds at night will prevent being bitten at night.


There is currently a single vaccination available in the UK for immuisation against Japanese Encephalitis. The course consists of a single vaccination followed up 28 days later by a second course. Boosters are recommended for those requiring ongoing immunity, which should be given 12-24 months after the initial course.

You can be vaccinated at our clinic today. A single dose costs £80. For further information please contact the pharmacy on 02089021328.

40 Harrow Road
Greater London
0208 902 13 28
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Superintendent Pharmacist:
Anilkumar M Patel (2024112)
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