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CORONAVIRUS
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Symptoms
The most common symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) are recent onset of:
  • New continuous cough and/or
  • High temperature
For most people, coronavirus (COVID-19) will be a mild illness If you have coronavirus symptoms:
  • Do not go to a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital
  • You do not need to contact 111 to tell them you're staying at home
  • Testing for coronavirus is not needed if you're staying at home
  • Plan ahead and ask others for help to ensure that you can successfully stay at home and consider what can be done for vulnerable people in the household
  • Ask your employer, friends and family to help you to get the things you need to stay at home
  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds, each time using soap and water, or use hand sanitiser
  • If you feel you cannot cope with your symptoms at home, or your condition gets worse, or your symptoms do not get better after 7 days, then use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service. If you do not have internet access, call NHS 111. For a medical emergency dial 999
  • Visit NHS 111 Online for more information

Stay at Home
  • If you live alone and you have symptoms of coronavirus illness (COVID-19), however mild, stay at home for 7 days from when your symptoms started. (See ending isolation section below for more information)
  • If you live with others and you or one of them have symptoms of coronavirus, then all household members must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days. The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill
  • It is likely that people living within a household will infect each other or be infected already. Staying at home for 14 days will greatly reduce the overall amount of infection the household could pass on to others in the community
  • For anyone in the household who starts displaying symptoms, they need to stay at home for 7 days from when the symptoms appeared, regardless of what day they are on in the original 14 day isolation period. (See ending isolation section below for more information
  • If you can, move any vulnerable individuals (such as the elderly and those with underlying health conditions) out of your home, to stay with friends or family for the duration of the home isolation period
  • If you cannot move vulnerable people out of your home, stay away from them as much as possible
Find out more about UK Gov Coronavirus Response
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Diphtheria
S and S Chemist

Disease

Diphtheria is a highly contagious, bacterial infection spread by coughs and sneezes or through contact (e.g. skin or bodily fluids) with an infected person. A toxin which is released by the bacteria can lead to serious heart and nervous system; making Diphtheria potentially fatal.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms will begin to show 2-7 days after exposure. The type of symptoms; which present themselves will depend on how far the toxin has spread e.g. if it has only spread to the skin or deeper to the lungs.

Infected skin would be covered with an ulcer without clear borders, this would have a grey to brown colour and also can present as a rash. This is less likely to become fatal but still requires immediate attention.

If the infection has spread to the lungs then this will be identified by a grey/yellow membrane coating the back of the throat and palate of the mouth, often leathery in texture. Glands in the neck become swollen quite noticeably as the neck looks ‘bullish’. There may also be a very brassy cough, a sore throat and a more husky voice. This requires urgent attention as this can lead to the throat being closed off and can lead to death. Long term, untreated infection can lead to nerve and brain damage, heart failure or respiratory failure.

Other symptoms also include nasal discharge, crusting and erosion around the nostrils.

Treatment

Diphtheria requires both antibiotic and antitoxin treatment to both deactivate the toxin in the body and prevent further spread of the disease. Professional help should always be sought after if there is any suspicion of Diphtheria infection.

Risk

Those at most risk are those living in crowded areas in areas where Diphtheria is prevalent as this increases the chances of contact. Also those travelling with or dealing with farm animals for a prolonged period of time; in particular cattle, are more at risk.

Prevention

The most effective form of prevention is vaccination against Diphtheria. For children from the age of 10 upwards this is available as a single booster dose lasting 10 years. This is available from the pharmacy for £20, please call on 02089021328 for further information.

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HA9 6PG
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